These New AIIMS under PMSSY are generally associated with the health care provided at specialty and super specialty levels. These institutions also act as training centers for doctors and other allied health workers. These institutions are often equipped with the most modern technical equipments the knowledge of whose working provides the trainee with the advanced and updated hands on experience with latest technologies. During last few years, there has been sudden upsurge in the occurrence of diseases both communicable and non-communicable. The central government was implementing various health programs across the country besides providing financial assistance to the States. However, the need for a more systematic and inclusive health program was felt which primarily catered to the need for more tertiary care centers in the country.. It was in this backdrop that PMSSY was first launched in March 2006 with the primary objective of correcting the imbalances in availability of affordable/reliable tertiary level healthcare in the country in general and to augment facilities for quality medical education in the under-served States. Scheme set up six AIIMS like institutions (ALIs) in the underserved and un-served regions of the country. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the scheme in March 2006 for Rs 332 crores per institution. The cost, however, escalated to Rs 820 crores per institution in March 2010.